The student will apply therapeutic modalities and have knowledge of pain mechanisms to improve a patient’s functional independence. The student will be able to safely and competently demonstrate the use of thermal modalities, ultrasound, traction, continuous passive motion devices, dynamic splinting, and massage to treat a patient’s conditions. The students will recognize that all treatments provided by a physical therapist assistant are within the plan of care established by the physical therapist and are performed under the general supervision of a physical therapist in the state of Oklahoma. The student will also learn and apply documentation skills for the above modalities. The student must demonstrate proficiency/competency of above modalities with testing, and oral/practical demonstrations.