Echo: Coordination and Subordination

An Independent Clause contains a subject + verb + complete idea.

A Dependent Clause contains a subject + verb, but not a complete thought.

 

Coordination

 

Option #1
  , but  
  , or  
  , yet  
Independent Clause , for Independent Clause
  , and  
  , nor  
  , so  

Examples:

  • I went to school, but I forgot to attend all my classes.
  • George slipped on a banana peel, and Gracie said goodnight.

 

Option #2
Independent Clause ; Independent Clause

Examples:

  • Something struck Chicken Little in the head; she thought the sky was falling.
  • Custer wasn't breathing; he was dead.

 

Option #3 (incomplete list)
  ; consequently,  
  ; furthermore,  
  ; however,  
  ; in deed,  
Independent Clause ; in fact, Independent Clause
  ; moreover,  
  ; nevertheless,  
  ; then,  
  ; therefore,  

Examples:

  • I went to school early this morning; however, I forgot to attend all my classes.
  • George started the car; then, he drove away.

 

 

Subordination

 

Option #4 (incomplete list)
  after  
  although  
  as (as if)  
  because  
  before  
  if  
  since  
Independent Clause that Dependent Clause
  unless  
  until  
  when(ever)  
  whereas  
  which  
  while  
  who  

Examples:

  • I went to the grocery store after the rain stopped.
  • James told me that he would feed my dog.

 

Option #5 (incomplete list)
After    
Although    
Because    
Before    
If    
Since    
That Dependent Clause, Independent Clause
Unless    
Until    
When(ever)    
Whereas    
Which    
While    
Who    

Examples:

  • Because he didn't like them, the little boy threw the peanuts away.
  • While the cat's away, the mice will play.